8.1.2.4 Lab – Configuring Basic DHCPv4 on a Router - Answers

Certification Answers

8.1.2.4 Lab – Configuring Basic DHCPv4 on a Router (Instructor Version)

Instructor Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the instructor copy only.

Topology

Addressing Table

Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway
R1 G0/0 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
G0/1 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
S0/0/0 (DCE) 192.168.2.253 255.255.255.252 N/A
R2 S0/0/0 192.168.2.254 255.255.255.252 N/A
S0/0/1 (DCE) 209.165.200.226 255.255.255.224 N/A
ISP S0/0/1 209.165.200.225 255.255.255.224 N/A
PC-A NIC DHCP DHCP DHCP
PC-B NIC DHCP DHCP DHCP

Objectives

  • Part 1: Build the Network and Configure Basic Device Settings
  • Part 2: Configure a DHCPv4 Server and a DHCP Relay Agent

Background / Scenario

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network protocol that lets network administrators manage and automate the assignment of IP addresses. Without DHCP, the administrator must manually assign and configure IP addresses, preferred DNS servers, and default gateways. As the network grows in size, this becomes an administrative problem when devices are moved from one internal network to another.

In this scenario, the company has grown in size, and the network administrators can no longer assign IP addresses to devices manually. Your job is to configure the R2 router to assign IPv4 addresses on two different subnets connected to router R1.

Note: This lab provides minimal assistance with the actual commands necessary to configure DHCP. However, the required commands are provided in Appendix A. Test your knowledge by trying to configure the devices without referring to the appendix.

Note: The routers used with CCNA hands-on labs are Cisco 1941 Integrated Services Routers (ISRs) with Cisco IOS Release 15.2(4)M3 (universalk9 image). The switches used are Cisco Catalyst 2960s with Cisco IOS Release 15.0(2) (lanbasek9 image). Other routers, switches and Cisco IOS versions can be used. Depending on the model and Cisco IOS version, the commands available and output produced might vary from what is shown in the labs. Refer to the Router Interface Summary Table at the end of this lab for the correct interface identifiers.

Note: Make sure that the routers and switches have been erased and have no startup configurations. If you are unsure, contact your instructor.

Instructor Note: Refer to the Instructor Lab Manual for the procedures to initialize and reload devices.

Required Resources

  • 3 Routers (Cisco 1941 with Cisco IOS Release 15.2(4)M3 universal image or comparable)
  • 2 Switches (Cisco 2960 with Cisco IOS Release 15.0(2) lanbasek9 image or comparable)
  • 2 PCs (Windows 7, Vista, or XP with terminal emulation program, such as Tera Term)
  • Console cables to configure the Cisco IOS devices via the console ports
  • Ethernet and serial cables as shown in the topology

Part 1: Build the Network and Configure Basic Device Settings

In Part 1, you will set up the network topology and configure the routers and switches with basic settings, such as passwords and IP addresses. You will also configure the IP settings for the PCs in the topology.

Step 1: Cable the network as shown in the topology.
Step 2: Initialize and reload the routers and switches.
Step 3: Configure basic settings for each router.

a. Console into the router and enter global configuration mode.

b. Copy the following basic configuration and paste it to the running-configuration on the router.

no ip domain-lookup
service password-encryption
enable secret class
banner motd #
Unauthorized access is strictly prohibited. #
line con 0
password cisco
login
logging synchronous
line vty 0 4
password cisco
login

c. Configure the host name as shown in the topology.

d. Configure the IPv4 addresses on the router as shown in the topology.

e. Set the DCE serial interfaces with a clock rate of 128000.

Step 4: Configure dynamic, default, and static routing on the routers.

a. Configure RIPv2 for R1.

R1(config)# router rip
R1(config-router)# version 2
R1(config-router)# network 192.168.0.0
R1(config-router)# network 192.168.1.0
R1(config-router)# network 192.168.2.252
R1(config-router)# no auto-summary

b. Configure RIPv2 and a default route to the ISP on R2.

R2(config)# router rip
R1(config-router)# version 2
R2(config-router)# network 192.168.2.252
R2(config-router)# default-information originate
R2(config-router)# exit
R2(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 209.165.200.225

c. Configure a summary static route on ISP to reach the networks on the R1 and R2 routers.

ISP(config)# ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 209.165.200.226

d. Copy the running configuration to the startup configuration.

Step 5: Verify network connectivity between the routers.

If any pings between routers fail, correct the errors before proceeding to the next step. Use show ip route and show ip interface brief to locate possible issues.

Step 6: Verify the host PCs are configured for DHCP.

Part 2: Configure a DHCPv4 Server and a DHCP Relay Agent

To automatically assign address information on the network, you will configure R2 as a DHCPv4 server and R1 as a DHCP relay agent.

Step 1: Configure DHCPv4 server settings on router R2.

On R2, you will configure a DHCP address pool for each of the R1 LANs. Use the pool name R1G0 for the G0/0 LAN and R1G1 for the G0/1 LAN. You will also configure the addresses to be excluded from the address pools. Best practice dictates that excluded addresses be configured first, to guarantee that they are not accidentally leased to other devices.

Exclude the first 9 addresses in each R1 LAN starting with .1. All other addresses should be available in the DHCP address pool. Make sure that each DHCP address pool includes a default gateway, the domain ccna-lab.com, a DNS server (209.165.200.225), and a lease time of 2 days.

On the lines below, write the commands necessary for configuring DHCP services on router R2, including the DHCP-excluded addresses and the DHCP address pools.

Note: The required commands for Part 2 are provided in Appendix A. Test your knowledge by trying to configure DHCP on R1 and R2 without referring to the appendix.
_________________________________________________________

R2(config)# ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.9
R2(config)# ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.9
R2(config)# ip dhcp pool R1G1
R2(dhcp-config)# network 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
R2(dhcp-config)# default-router 192.168.1.1
R2(dhcp-config)# dns-server 209.165.200.225
R2(dhcp-config)# domain-name ccna-lab.com
R2(dhcp-config)# lease 2
R2(dhcp-config)# exit
R2(config)# ip dhcp pool R1G0
R2(dhcp-config)# network 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0
R2(dhcp-config)# default-router 192.168.0.1
R2(dhcp-config)# dns-server 209.165.200.225
R2(dhcp-config)# domain-name ccna-lab.com
R2(dhcp-config)# lease 2

On PC-A or PC-B, open a command prompt and enter the ipconfig /all command. Did either of the host PCs receive an IP address from the DHCP server? Why? _____________________
The host computers will not have received IP addresses from the DHCP server at R2 until R1 is configured as a DHCP relay agent.

Step 2: Configure R1 as a DHCP relay agent.

Configure IP helper addresses on R1 to forward all DHCP requests to the R2 DHCP server.

On the lines below, write the commands necessary to configure R1 as a DHCP relay agent for the R1 LANs. _____________________

R1(config)# interface g0/0
R1(config-if)# ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
R1(config-if)# exit
R1(config)# interface g0/1
R1(config-if)# ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
Step 3: Record IP settings for PC-A and PC-B.

On PC-A and PC-B, issue the ipconfig /all command to verify that the PCs have received IP address information from the DHCP server on R2. Record the IP and MAC address for each PC. _____________________
Answers may vary.

Based on the DHCP pool that was configured on R2, what are the first available IP addresses that PC-A and PC-B can lease? _____________________
PC-B: 192.168.0.10, and PC-A: 192.168.1.10

Step 4: Verify DHCP services and address leases on R2.

a. On R2, enter the show ip dhcp binding command to view DHCP address leases.

R2# show ip dhcp binding
Bindings from all pools not associated with VRF:
IP address          Client-ID/              Lease expiration         Type
                    Hardware address/
                    User name
192.168.0.10        011c.c1de.91c3.5d       Mar 13 2013 02:07 AM     Automatic
192.168.1.10        0100.2170.0c05.0c       Mar 13 2013 02:09 AM     Automatic

Along with the IP addresses that were leased, what other piece of useful client identification information is in the output? _____________________
The client hardware addresses identify the specific computers that have joined the network.

b. On R2, enter the show ip dhcp server statistics command to view the DHCP pool statistics and message activity.

R2# show ip dhcp server statistics
Memory usage        42175
Address pools       2
Database agents     0
Automatic bindings  2
Manual bindings     0
Expired bindings    0
Malformed messages  0
Secure arp entries  0

Message             Received
BOOTREQUEST         0
DHCPDISCOVER        2
DHCPREQUEST         2
DHCPDECLINE         0
DHCPRELEASE         0
DHCPINFORM          2

Message             Sent
BOOTREPLY           0
DHCPOFFER           2
DHCPACK             4
DHCPNAK             0

How many types of DHCP messages are listed in the output? _____________________
Ten different types of DHCP messages are listed.

c. On R2, enter the show ip dhcp pool command to view the DHCP pool settings.

R2# show ip dhcp pool

Pool R1G1 :
Utilization mark (high/low)       : 100 / 0
Subnet size (first/next)          : 0 / 0
Total addresses                   : 254
Leased addresses                  : 1
Pending event                     : none
1 subnet is currently in the pool :
Current index        IP address range                    Leased addresses

192.168.1.11         192.168.1.1    - 192.168.1.254      1
Pool R1G0 :
Utilization mark (high/low)      : 100 / 0
Subnet size (first/next)         : 0 / 0
Total addresses                  : 254
Leased addresses                 : 1
Pending event                    : none
1 subnet is currently in the pool :
Current index      IP address range                 Leased addresses
192.168.0.11       192.168.0.1    - 192.168.0.254   1

In the output of the show ip dhcp pool command, what does the current index refer to? _____________________
The next available address for leasing.

d. On R2, enter the show run | section dhcp command to view the DHCP configuration in the running configuration.

R2# show run | section dhcp
ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.9
ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.9
ip dhcp pool R1G1
 network 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
 default-router 192.168.1.1
 domain-name ccna-lab.com
 dns-server 209.165.200.225
 lease 2
ip dhcp pool R1G0
 network 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0
 default-router 192.168.0.1
 domain-name ccna-lab.com
 dns-server 209.165.200.225
 lease 2

e. On R1, enter the show run interface command for interfaces G0/0 and G0/1 to view the DHCP relay configuration in the running configuration.

R1# show run interface g0/0
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 132 bytes
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0
 ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
 duplex auto
 speed auto
end

R1# show run interface g0/1
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 132 bytes
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
 ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
 duplex auto
 speed auto
end

Reflection

What do you think is the benefit of using DHCP relay agents instead of multiple routers acting as DHCP servers? _____________________
Having a separate router DHCP server for each subnet would add more complexity and decrease centralized management for the network. It would also require that each router work harder to manage its own DHCP addressing, in addition to the primary function of routing traffic. One DHCP server (router or computer) that is dedicated to the job is easier to manage and more centralized.

Router Interface Summary Table

Router Interface Summary
Router Model Ethernet Interface #1 Ethernet Interface #2 Serial Interface #1 Serial Interface #2
1800 Fast Ethernet 0/0 (F0/0) Fast Ethernet 0/1 (F0/1) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
1900 Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 (G0/0) Gigabit Ethernet 0/1 (G0/1) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
2801 Fast Ethernet 0/0 (F0/0) Fast Ethernet 0/1 (F0/1) Serial 0/1/0 (S0/1/0) Serial 0/1/1 (S0/1/1)
2811 Fast Ethernet 0/0 (F0/0) Fast Ethernet 0/1 (F0/1) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
2900 Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 (G0/0) Gigabit Ethernet 0/1 (G0/1) Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0) Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
Note: To find out how the router is configured, look at the interfaces to identify the type of router and how many interfaces the router has. There is no way to effectively list all the combinations of configurations for each router class. This table includes identifiers for the possible combinations of Ethernet and Serial interfaces in the device. The table does not include any other type of interface, even though a specific router may contain one. An example of this might be an ISDN BRI interface. The string in parenthesis is the legal abbreviation that can be used in Cisco IOS commands to represent the interface.

Appendix A – DHCP Configuration Commands

R1(config)# interface g0/0
R1(config-if)# ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
R1(config-if)# exit
R1(config-if)# interface g0/1
R1(config-if)# ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
R2(config)# ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.9
R2(config)# ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.9
R2(config)# ip dhcp pool R1G1
R2(dhcp-config)# network 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
R2(dhcp-config)# default-router 192.168.1.1
R2(dhcp-config)# dns-server 209.165.200.225
R2(dhcp-config)# domain-name ccna-lab.com
R2(dhcp-config)# lease 2
R2(dhcp-config)# exit
R2(config)# ip dhcp pool R1G0
R2(dhcp-config)# network 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0
R2(dhcp-config)# default-router 192.168.0.1
R2(dhcp-config)# dns-server 209.165.200.225
R2(dhcp-config)# domain-name ccna-lab.com
R2(dhcp-config)# lease 2

Device Configs

R1# show run
Building configuration...
Current configuration : 1478 bytes
!
version 15.2
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname R1
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
enable secret 4 06YFDUHH61wAE/kLkDq9BGho1QM5EnRtoyr8cHAUg.2
!
no aaa new-model
!
no ip domain lookup
ip cef
no ipv6 cef
multilink bundle-name authenticated
!
interface Embedded-Service-Engine0/0
no ip address
shutdown
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
ip helper-address 192.168.2.254
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface Serial0/0/0
ip address 192.168.2.253 255.255.255.252
clock rate 128000
!
interface Serial0/0/1
no ip address
shutdown!
!
router rip
version 2
network 192.168.0.0
network 192.168.1.0
network 192.168.2.252
!
ip forward-protocol nd
!
no ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
control-plane
!
!
line con 0
password cisco
logging synchronous
login
line aux 0
line 2
no activation-character
no exec
transport preferred none
transport input all
transport output pad telnet rlogin lapb-ta mop udptn v120 ssh
stopbits 1
line vty 0 4
password cisco
login
transport input all
!
scheduler allocate 20000 1000
!
end
R2# show run
Building configuration...
Current configuration : 1795 bytes
!
version 15.2
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname R2
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
enable secret 4 06YFDUHH61wAE/kLkDq9BGho1QM5EnRtoyr8cHAUg.2
!
no aaa new-model
!
ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.0.1 192.168.0.9
ip dhcp excluded-address 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.9
!
ip dhcp pool R1G1
network 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
default-router 192.168.1.1
domain-name ccna-lab.com
dns-server 209.165.200.225
lease 2
!
ip dhcp pool R1G0
network 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0
default-router 192.168.0.1
domain-name ccna-lab.com
dns-server 209.165.200.225
lease 2
!
!
!
no ip domain lookup
ip cef
no ipv6 cef
multilink bundle-name authenticated
!
interface Embedded-Service-Engine0/0
no ip address
shutdown
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
no ip address
shutdown
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
no ip address
shutdown
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface Serial0/0/0
ip address 192.168.2.254 255.255.255.252
!
interface Serial0/0/1
ip address 209.165.200.226 255.255.255.224
clock rate 128000
!
!
router rip
version 2
network 192.168.2.252
default-information originate
!
ip forward-protocol nd
!
no ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 209.165.200.225
!
control-plan
!
line con 0
password cisco
logging synchronous
login
line aux 0
line 2
no activation-character
no exec
transport preferred none
transport input all
transport output pad telnet rlogin lapb-ta mop udptn v120 ssh
stopbits 1
line vty 0 4
password cisco
login
transport input all
!
scheduler allocate 20000 1000
!
end
ISP# show run
Building configuration...
Current configuration : 1247 bytes
!
version 15.2
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname ISP
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
enable secret 4 06YFDUHH61wAE/kLkDq9BGho1QM5EnRtoyr8cHAUg.2
!
no aaa new-model
memory-size iomem 10
!
no ip domain lookup
ip cef
no ipv6 cef
multilink bundle-name authenticated
!
interface Embedded-Service-Engine0/0
no ip address
shutdown
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
no ip address
shutdown
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
no ip address
shutdown
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface Serial0/0/0
no ip address
shutdown
clock rate 2000000
!
interface Serial0/0/1
ip address 209.165.200.225 255.255.255.224
!
ip forward-protocol nd
!
no ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.252.0 209.165.200.226
!
control-plane
!
line con 0
password cisco
logging synchronous
login
line aux 0
line 2
no activation-character
no exec
transport preferred none
transport input all
transport output pad telnet rlogin lapb-ta mop udptn v120 ssh
stopbits 1
line vty 0 4
password cisco
login
transport input all
!
scheduler allocate 20000 1000
!
end

#buttons=(Accept !) #days=(20)

Our website uses cookies to enhance your experience. Learn More
Accept !